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USA Trains GP38-2

This article shows how to add an MU connector to the rear pilot of a USA Trains GP38-2 so you can use a power and control car to run it.

Diesel2

As the track power wiring will be unplugged during this project, it will require a power and control car to run it. A power and control car is simply a battery car with a receiver added for on-board radio control. To view an article on how to build a Power and Control Car, just click on the link.

Nothing in this project prevents this locomotive from being restored to its original condition for re-sale at a later date. While this project deals with a specific locomotive, the principles should be the same for most USA Trains four-axle diesels.


REMOVING THE TRACK POWER SLIDERS

While it is not necessary to remove the track power sliders, they are redundant on a battery powered locomotive. Removing them will improve the appearance of the GP38-2, provide a chance to lubricate the drive gears, and check the drive gear axle sleeves for splits.

Remove the railings from the sides and ends of the locomotive to prevent possible damage and set them aside for now.

HINT: A small, flat screwdriver can be used to pry the stanchions from their holes in the frame. A small piece of vinyl tape over the end of the screwdriver may prevent the paint from being scratched.

Place the locomotive upside down in a soft cradle. Remove the six screws (circled in red) from the bottom of each motor block and remove the bottom covers.

Cover

Remove the small chrome screw (circled in red) from each track slider bracket. Lift out the track sliders, and the track power axles wipers (indicated with yellow arrows) sprung between the axles.

Sliders

The track sliders and axle wipers are the only components removed during this project. Mark a Ziploc bag with USA Trains GP38-2, as well as, the road name and number. Place the sliders and wipers in the bag, and tape it in a pocket of the locomotive’s Styrofoam packaging.

Fasten the track slider brackets back in place with the small chrome screws.

Lift the axle sets out. If you can gently turn a wheel while holding the other, the axle sleeve on the drive gear is split. They can be fixed using the method in the DRIVE GEAR AXLE SLEEVES repair tip, or replaced with complete axle assemblies from USA Trains.

If required, lubricate the drive gears with plastic compatible grease. Place the axle assemblies back in the motor blocks. Ensure their bushings are seated flat [O] in the slots in the sides of the motors blocks. Ensure the worm gears on the motor shafts and the drive gears on the axles are properly meshed. The wheels should not turn.

Pop the covers back on and fasten them with their screws. Do not fully tighten any of the screws until all the screws have been inserted and turned down some. If you fully tighten the screws as you go, the last few may be hard to insert and may strip the threads in the plastic motor block.


REMOVING THE SHELL

Remove the screws holding the coupler brackets and couplers to the frame. Install the coupler bracket screws back in the frame so they do not get lost.

Coupler

Remove the two small screws from the base of the fuel tank. Install the screws back in the frame so they do not get lost. Place the couplers in the fuel tank and set them aside for now.

Remove the four short screws (indicated by the yellow arrows) that hold the battery boxes to the frame.

Screws

Remove the 12 screws (circled in yellow) which hold the shell to the frame. These are hidden in deep holes and require a long, number 1 Phillips screwdriver to extract them.

  • Four are in the short hood truck area.
  • Four are in the fuel tank area.
  • Four are in the long hood truck area.

Turn the locomotive over. Carefully lift from the front of the long hood. The long hood, cab, battery boxes and short hood will lift off as one piece. Do not lift them off too far or the wiring may unplug.

Open

Install the four screws back in the battery boxes; and the twelve screws back in the long and short hoods so they do not get lost.


DISCONNECTING THE TRACK POWER PICK-UPS

It is imperative that the track power pick-ups be disconnected so that the locomotive cannot pick up track power or feed battery power into the tracks. The result could be electronically catastrophic.

There should be two connectors from the motor block under the short hood, but only one connector has two red wires and two black wires attached to one side of it. This connector provides the power distribution board with track power from the short hood truck. Unplug it to disconnect these track power pick-ups.

PlugTPSH

There should be two connectors from the motor block under the long hood, but only one connector has two red wires and two black wires attached to one side of it. This connector provides the power distribution board with track power from the long hood truck. Unplug it to disconnect these track power pick-ups.

PlugTPLH


INSTALLING THE MU CONNECTOR

Two, 2-wire connector sets are required for this project. They are available from All Electronics under part number CON-240. OVGRS members only can purchase them by contacting Paul Norton.

CON240

As only the male halves of the four All Electronics connector sets are needed for this project. Unplug the female halves and set them aside. They can be used for power and control car connectors or lithium-ion battery charging connectors in other projects. Hereafter the male halves of the sets will be referred to as the AE connector.

CON240M

Drill a 1/8th inch hole (indicated by the blue arrow) in the center of the long hood pilot between the coupler cut-bar and the grab rail.

HoleP1

The hole (indicated by the yellow arrow) should pass through the pilot and both sides of the box on the frame in front of the coupler return spring.

HoleP2

Drill a 1/8th inch hole in the top of the frame opposite the screw holding the coupler return spring.

 HoleF1

Slide a 1/2 inch length of shrink wrap over the wires of an AE connector until it reaches the back of the connector. With the tab of the connector facing up, feed the wires over the coupler cut bar on the long hood, through the holes in the pilot, the box on the frame, and the frame.

HoleF2

The shrink wrap will provide the proper spacing for the connector and the coupler cut bar will prevent it from falling on the coupler.

SolderLH

Insert another AE connector into the USA Trains connector (indicated with a yellow arrow) that leads from the long hood to the main GP38-2 circuit board.

PlugBPLH

Although the wire colours on the connector sets sold by All Electronics may not positioned the same as on USA Trains connectors, there is no need to change the position of the wires over as the polarity will change with each change of direction of the locomotive.

Gather the ends of the wires of this AE connector and the ends of the wires of the AE connector installed on the long hood pilot. Trim the wires to the proper length and strip 1/4 inch of insulation off all four wires. Slip a 3/4 inch piece of shrink wrap over one of the red wires, and over one of the black wires. Solder the red wires together. Slip the shrink wrap down over the joint and warm until it seals. Repeat for the black wire.

SolderLH

THAT’S IT! You have completed the installation of an MU connector on your USA Trains GP38-2. All that’s left to do is test to ensure the unit is wired correctly before re-installing the shell.


TESTING THE MU CONNECTOR

Plug a power car into the MU connector. Test to ensure the headlights and motors are both operating properly.

If the lights do not work, add a Crest Electronics PWC to Linear DC Board in the wires of the MU plug on the trailing power and control car. OVGRS members can purchase the PWC to Linear DC Board by contacting Paul Norton.

PWC


ASSEMBLING THE LOCOMOTIVE

When the motors and lights function as they should; the hoods, cab, fuel tank and couplers can be replaced using the disassembly instructions as a guide. When installing the hoods and cab to the frame, all the wires should be inside the mounting posts so they do not get pinched between shell and the lip of the frame.

CONGRATULATIONS! These new connector will allow you to run your GP38-2 with a power and control car and enjoy all the benefits of battery power and radio control.

Diesel2

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